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The cypher design changes, as does that of the coat of arms, upon the accession of a new monarch, and the new cypher is always different from the preceding monarch's.The design change may include the adjustment of the shape of the crown to distinguish the cyphers.[National Maritime Museum web-site] The British standard pattern was designed by Everard Green, Rouge Dragon, and approved 27 July 1903.Design was revised in 1922, approved by Naval Law Department NL 7350/22, and issued as Admiralty Fleet Order 3228/22.It was the third major portrait type of Victoria's reign.The Crown is of a design similar to St Edward's Crown but flatter topped: it includes a base of four crosses pattee alternating with four fleurs-de-lis, above which are four half-arches surmounted by a cross. The Imperial State Crown includes several precious gems, including: 2,868 diamonds, 273 pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and 5 rubies. The Cross atop the Crown is set with a sapphire taken from the ring of Edward the Confessor.
They are then transported to the Robing Room, where the Queen dons her robes and wears the Crown.
Edward's Crown, with upright, domed sides, whereas George VI's cypher featured a Tudor Crown with sloping sides more like the Imperial State Crown.
However, there are no strict rules regarding the changes in crown design used in a Royal cypher, nor is there a King's Crown used for male monarchs as opposed to a Queen's Crown for female monarchs.
The Black Prince's Ruby is set on the front cross pattee.
Furthermore, the famous Cullinan II, or Lesser Star of Africa, is set on the front of the Crown.
Other famous stones include the Stuart Sapphire, the Black Prince's Ruby, and St Edward's Sapphire all set in the Imperial State Crown.