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Lauren Conrad got engaged to her boyfriend William Tell while her ex Jason Wahler got married in Malibu.
All this happy relationship news got us wondering: what are the former cast members of the two groundbreaking MTV reality shows doing now?
Guilford was one of the first academic researchers who dared to conduct a study of creativity.
He challenged research subjects to connect all nine dots using just four straight lines without lifting their pencils from the page.
Sure, you may already know what Lauren Conrad is up to, but keep reading to find out which cast member is currently working for Vera Wang, which star opened his own hair salon, and who just can't seem to quit reality TV.
Although studying creativity is considered a legitimate scientific discipline nowadays, it is still a very young one. One of Guilford’s most famous studies was the nine-dot puzzle.
At the first stages, all the participants in Guilford’s original study censored their own thinking by limiting the possible solutions to those within the imaginary square (even those who eventually solved the puzzle).
Even though they weren’t instructed to restrain themselves from considering such a solution, they were unable to “see” the white space beyond the square’s boundaries.
They are much more common than you probably think.*From Inside the Box: A Proven System of Creativity for Breakthrough Results Copyright 2014 Drew Boyd There are many theories of creativity.
Management consultants in the 1970s and 1980s even used this puzzle when making sales pitches to prospective clients.
Because the solution is, in hindsight, deceptively simple, clients tended to admit they should have thought of it themselves.
In other words, the difference could easily be due to what statisticians call sampling error.
Let’s look a little more closely at these surprising results.